computation-theory,turing-machines,np-complete,np,decidable , NP and 3-SAT and One Facts


NP and 3-SAT and One Facts

Question:

Tag: computation-theory,turing-machines,np-complete,np,decidable

any expert could help me why this sentence is True?

if L ∈ NP and L ≤p 3−SAT (i.e: reduce L to 3-SAT in poly time) then L is NP-Complete.


Answer:

This statement is false. Since 3SAT is NP-complete, every problem in NP polynomial-time reduces to 3SAT, so if you choose any language in NP, then it will polynomial-time reduce to 3SAT. In particular, if you choose the empty language ∅, which is known not to be NP-complete, then ∅ ∈ NP and ∅ reduces toe 3SAT, but ∅ isn't NP-complete.

Hope this helps!


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