python,date,time,while-loop,repeat , Repeat a sound/action every certain time


Repeat a sound/action every certain time

Question:

Tag: python,date,time,while-loop,repeat

I'm trying to write a Python program that reproduces a sound every certain hour, but it doesn't really work. When I test the code and the specified time comes, it will keep repeating the sound forever.

Here is the code:

import os
from datetime import datetime

now = datetime.now()
currentHour = now.hour
currentMin = now.minute

#I also tested with if but it didn't work
while currentHour==15 and currentMin==33:
    os.system("aplay /home/pi/sound.wav") #Plays the sound thru aplay

Answer:

Your logic is wrong.

First of all, the while loop will most likely end in the first iteration and you want the program to continue till you tell it to.

In addition to that, you don't update the now variable inside the loop, which is basically a bad idea.

For example, this code will continue running and when it is 15:33, a sound will be played only once.

myHour = 15
myMin = 33
is_played = False
while True:
    now = datetime.now()
    currentHour = now.hour
    currentMin = now.minute
    if currentHour == myHour and currentMin == myMin and not is_played:
        is_played = True
        os.system("aplay /home/pi/sound.wav")
    if currentHour != myHour or currentMin != myMin:
        is_played = False

Xiaotian Pei suggested a great idea, to efficiently use your CPU resource, lets use the Timer module:

def to_play_sound(hour, min):
    now = datetime.now()
    currentHour = now.hour
    currentMin = now.minute
    if currentHour == hour and currentMin == min and not is_played:
        is_played = True
        os.system("aplay /home/pi/sound.wav")
    if currentHour != myHour or currentMin != myMin:
        is_played = False
while True:
    t = Timer(30.0, to_play_sound, [15, 33])
    t.start()

J.F. Sebastian has also suggested a great idea:

import datetime
import subprocess
while True:
    now = datetime.now()
    # compute `deadline`
    while True:
        deadline = now.replace(hour=hour, minute=min)
        if deadline > now:
            break
        else:
            deadline += datetime.timedelta(1)
    sleep_until(deadline) # sleep
    subprocess.check_call(['aplay', '/home/pi/sound.wav']) # play the sound!

Read how sleep_until was implemented here.


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