prolog,prolog-coroutining , freeze for more than one variable


freeze for more than one variable

Question:

Tag: prolog,prolog-coroutining

I tried to write a predicate that takes a list and converts it to a balanced tree. My code looks as follows:

/* make_tree(list, tree)
 *
 *    list: list with the elements of the tree in prefix order
 *    tree: balanced tree of the elements in the list
 * 
 */
make_tree([], empty).
make_tree([H|T], node(L, R, H)):-
    split_half(T, T1, T2),
    make_tree(T1, L),
    make_tree(T2, R).

/* split_half(list, first, second)
 * 
 *    list: list with n elements
 *    first: list with first (n // 2) elements
 *    second: list with last (n - n // 2) elements
 *
 */
split_half(L, L1, L2):-
   split_half(L, L, L1, L2).

split_half(L, [], [], L):- !.
split_half(L, [_], [], L):- !.
split_half([H|T], [_,_|Acc], [H|L1], L2):-
   split_half(T, Acc, L1, L2).

and this works when called like:

?- make_tree([1,2,3], Tree).
Tree = node(node(empty, empty, 2), node(empty, empty, 3), 1).

but it doesn't work when calling it in the other way, like:

?- make_tree(L, node(node(empty, empty, 2), node(empty, empty, 3), 1)).
false.

It's not really necessary, but I accepted the challenge anyway to make it work both ways. I wanted to solve this by using freeze/2 on split, like freeze(T2, split(T, T1, T2)) and this makes that ?- make_tree(L, node(node(empty, empty, 2), node(empty, empty, 3), 1)). works, but the original idea doesn't anymore. So actually what I'm looking for is some kind of freeze/2 that can do something like freeze((T;T2), split(T, T1, T2)). Does anybody know how to solve this issue?

Thanks in advance


Answer:

Most likely you are looking for when/2. It is offered by both SICStus Prolog (manual page) and SWI-Prolog (manual page).

Sample use:

myfreeze1(V,Goal) :-
   when(nonvar(V),Goal).

myfreeze2(V1,V2,Goal) :-
   when((nonvar(V1);nonvar(V2)),Goal).

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