python,google-drive-sdk,google-oauth , How can I make a copy of a file in Google Drive via Python?


How can I make a copy of a file in Google Drive via Python?

Question:

Tag: python,google-drive-sdk,google-oauth

I wrote a short function in Google Apps script that can make a copy of a specific file that is stored on Google Drive. The purpose of it is that this file is a template and every time I want to create a new document for work I make a copy of this template and just change the title of the document. The code that I wrote to make a copy of the file and store it in the specific folder that I want is very simple:

function copyFile() {
  var file = DriveApp.getFileById("############################################");
  var folder = DriveApp.getFolderById("############################");
  var filename = "Copy of Template";
  file.makeCopy(filename, folder);
}

This function takes a specific file, based on ID and a specific folder based on ID and puts the copy entitles "Copy of Template" into that folder.

I have been searching all over and I cannot seem to find this. Is there a way to do the exact same thing, but using Python instead? Or, at the very least is there a way to have Python somehow call that function to run this function? I need this to be done in Python because I am writing a script that does many functions at once whenever I start a new project for work, such as creating a new document from template in Google Drive as well as other things that are not related to Google Drive at all and they can therefore not be done in Google Apps Script.


Answer:

There are a few tutorials around the web that give partial answers. Here is a step-by-step guide of what you need to do.

  1. Open Command prompt and type (without the quotes) "pip install PyDrive" and if that doesn't work maybe try "$ pip install PyDrive"
  2. Make sure that you're logged into your Google account and go to https://console.developers.google.com/project
  3. On the left hand side click the button that says "Create a Project" and name whatever you want
  4. Eventually the page will load to the main page for your project. On the left click onn "APIs & auth" and then under that click on "credentials"
  5. Under OAuth click "Create new Client ID" and choose "Web Application" and then click "Configure consent screen" and there you have to make a product name and you can fill anything else out if you want, but after that click save.
  6. Now you will be brought back to the create Client ID page and you have two form fields to fill out. For both of them, put the following URL in (without the quotes): "http://localhost:8080/"
  7. When that is done, click on Download JSON and a file will be downloaded. Make sure to rename that to client_secrets.json
  8. Next, make sure to put that file in the same directory as your python script. If you are running the script from a console, that directory might be your username directory.
  9. I assume that you already know the folder id that you are placing this file in and file id that you are copying. If you don't know it, there are tutorials of how to find it using python or you can open it up in Docs and it will be in the URL of the file. Basically enter the ID of the folder and the ID of the file and when you run this script it will make a copy of the chosen file and place it in the chosen folder.
  10. One thing to note is that while running, your browser window will open up and ask for permission, just click accept and then the script will complete.

Python Script:

## Create a new Document in Google Drive
from pydrive.auth import GoogleAuth
from pydrive.drive import GoogleDrive
gauth = GoogleAuth()
gauth.LocalWebserverAuth()
drive = GoogleDrive(gauth)
folder = "########"
title = "Copy of my other file"
file = "############"
drive.auth.service.files().copy(fileId=file,
                           body={"parents": [{"kind": "drive#fileLink",
                                 "id": folder}], 'title': title}).execute()

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