groovy,mop , Confused about the invokeMethod method in the Groovy MOP

Confused about the invokeMethod method in the Groovy MOP


Tag: groovy,mop

First look at the following Groovy code:

class Car {

    def check() { System.out.println "check called..." }

    def start() { System.out.println "start called..." }


Car.metaClass.invokeMethod = { String name, args ->

    System.out.print("Call to $name intercepted... ")

    if (name != 'check') {
        System.out.print("running filter... ")
        Car.metaClass.getMetaMethod('check').invoke(delegate, null)

    def validMethod = Car.metaClass.getMetaMethod(name, args)
    if (validMethod != null) {
        validMethod.invoke(delegate, args)
    } else {
        Car.metaClass.invokeMissingMethod(delegate, name, args)

car = new Car()

The output is:

Call to start intercepted... running filter... check called...
start called...

According to the Groovy method dispatching mechanism I think the start method in the Car should be called directly instead of being intercepted by the invokeMethod in the Car's metaClass. Why is the start method intercepted by the invokeMethod? How is the invokeMethod invoked when a method is called on an object?

BTW, if you guys can give me some detailed explanations about Groovy method dispatching mechanism(MOP) I will appreciate that.


In short you are not using the standard meta class, so you don't get the standard Groovy MOP.

Car.metaClass.invokeMethod = { will let Car have an ExpandoMetaClass as meta class. This meta class uses the invokeMethod you give in as open block (like you do) to intercept calls. This is very different from defining an invokeMethod in the class itself.


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