java,ios,swift,secure-random , Generate random number in range with SecRandomCopyBytes


Generate random number in range with SecRandomCopyBytes

Question:

Tag: java,ios,swift,secure-random

I'm using SecRandomCopyBytes for generate a secure random number.

Is there a way to specify a "range"?

I need to obtain the same behaviour of this Java piece of code:

SecureRandom r = new SecureRandom();
char x = (char)(r.nextInt(26) + 'a');

Any tips will appreciate!

UPDATE

Seeing that I made a silly question I feel compelled to share the solution, made extending Int type:

public extension Int {
  /**
  Create a random num Int in range
  :param: lower number Int
  :param: upper number Int
  :return: random number Int
  */
  public static func random(#min: Int, max: Int) -> Int {
     return Int(arc4random_uniform(UInt32(max - min + 1))) + min
  }

  /**
  Create a secure random num Int in range
  :param: lower number Int
  :param: upper number Int
  :return: random number Int
  */
  public static func secureRandom(#min: Int, max: Int) -> Int {
    if max == 0 {
        NSException(name: "secureRandom", reason: "max number must be > 0", userInfo: nil).raise()
    }
    var randomBytes = UnsafeMutablePointer<UInt8>.alloc(8)
    SecRandomCopyBytes(kSecRandomDefault, 8, randomBytes)
    let randomNumber = unsafeBitCast(randomBytes, UInt.self)
    return Int(randomNumber) % max + min
  }
}

Answer:

You can always specify a range by applying modulo and addition, check this pseudocode:

// random number in the range 1985-2014 
r = rand() % 30 + 1985

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