common-lisp,sbcl,cffi , cffi function call hangs
cffi function call hangs
I want to use stat(2) from Common Lisp.
I've defined the structs used by the
(cffi:defctype mode_t :unsigned-int)
(cffi:defctype ino_t :unsigned-int)
(cffi:defctype dev_t :int)
(cffi:defctype nlink_t :int)
(cffi:defctype uid_t :unsigned-int)
(cffi:defctype gid_t :unsigned-int)
(cffi:defctype off_t :int)
(cffi:defctype time_t :long)
(cffi:defctype blksize_t :unsigned-int)
(cffi:defctype blkcnt_t :int)
And the function itself:
(cffi:defcfun "stat" :int
(buf (:pointer (:struct stat))))
I'm trying to call it quite simply like this:
(cffi:with-foreign-object (buf '(:pointer (:struct stat)))
(stat "/home/florian/tmp/msg.txt" buf)
(cffi:with-foreign-slots ((st_mode) buf (:struct stat))
And Slime just hangs. No error, and the REPL input doesn't come back.
If you look into your
*inferior-lisp* buffer, you will see that SBCL has dropped into its low-level debugger due to some severe memory corruption.
The specific layout of
struct stat depends quite heavily on the architecture you have. On my 64-bit Ubuntu 14.04, the following seems to be 144 bytes in length, while your definition is only 52 bytes long - no wonder that trying to write into it causes memory corruption.
It is probably a Bad Idea to try writing
defcstruct forms for structs that the operating system is free to define in any way it wants. The code may run on your computer, but probably won't run on everybody else's system, if they are using a different OS or processor architecture - but if you really need to get it running on your system only, the easiest way is probably to write a short C program that dumps the sizes and offsets of all the fields on screen, then build up from there.
If you need to write code that runs on multiple different systems and that uses
stat, a good option is to write a simple proxy module in C yourself, with a well-defined, constant interface, that calls
stat on your behalf. This is the approach I have used on several occasions, keeping foreign stuff safe on the C side and only passing the really required data over the FFI.
For more robust CFFI definitions, there is also SWIG.
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