sql-server,sql-server-2008 , Microsoft SQL Insert into subset of table columns fails [on hold]


Microsoft SQL Insert into subset of table columns fails [on hold]

Question:

Tag: sql-server,sql-server-2008

Can anyone help me find the column or columns in this table where data would be truncated?

I am trying to execute the SQL insert below, but it is failing with the error:

String or binary data would be truncated.

Which I understand means a value is too big to be contained by a column in the table, but all of the values specified in my insert statement appear to be acceptable sizes for their columns.

Using Microsoft SQL Server 2008 my query is:

INSERT INTO cms_incident_report(cid, userid, rhid, catid)   
VALUES('2', '436', '68402', '4')` 

I have traced the issue to that and I am not including the rest of the columns in my query, the table cms_incident_report has 54 columns, one of them is a primary key that increments automatically and the rest have the 'Allow null' enabled. If I run a query that inserts values in all the fields of that table it works, if I neglect one column it produces this error.

I can't put the schema of the table for NDA reasons but the data type of these columns are a mixture of

 (int, date, varchar(10), varchar(max), varchar(3), varchar(200)).

I'm using the same query on other tables successfully without the need to write all of the columns names but just the ones I want to insert and the rest is defaulted to NULL. It doesn't make much sense to me and I can't figure out the actual reason behind this error.

EDIT

The columns cid, userid, rhid, catid are of types int, varchar(200), int, int

Full table schema:

CREATE TABLE [dbo].[cms_incident_report]
(
    [incident_id] [int] IDENTITY(1,1) NOT NULL,
    [cid] [int] NULL,
    [userid] [varchar](200) NULL,
    [rhid] [int] NULL,
    [catid] [int] NULL,
    [col1] [varchar](40) NULL,
    [col2] [varchar](40) NULL,
    [col3] [varchar](40) NULL,
    [col4] [varchar](max) NULL,
    [col5] [date] NULL,
    [col6] [varchar](200) NULL,
    [col7] [tinyint] NULL,
    [col8] [tinyint] NULL,
    [col9] [varchar](max) NULL,
    [col10] [varchar](max) NULL,
    [col11] [varchar](200) NULL,
    [col12] [date] NULL,
    [col13] [varchar](200) NULL,
    [col14] [varchar](max) NULL,
    [col15] [date] NULL,
    [col16] [varchar](10) NULL,
    [col17] [varchar](max) NULL,
    [col18] [varchar](max) NULL,
    [col19] [int] NULL,
    [col20] [varchar](max) NULL,
    [col21] [int] NULL,
    [col22] [date] NULL,
    [col23] [varchar](10) NULL,
    [col24] [varchar](max) NULL,
    [col25] [int] NULL,
    [col26] [varchar](max) NULL,
    [col27] [int] NULL,
    [col28] [date] NULL,
    [col29] [varchar](10) NULL,
    [col30] [varchar](max) NULL,
    [col31] [int] NULL,
    [col32] [varchar](max) NULL,
    [col34] [int] NULL,
    [col35] [date] NULL,
    [col36] [varchar](200) NULL,
    [col37] [varchar](max) NULL,
    [col38] [int] NULL,
    [col40] [varchar](max) NULL,
    [col41] [int] NULL,
    [col42] [date] NULL,
    [col43] [varchar](200) NULL,
    [col44] [varchar](max) NULL,
    [col45] [int] NULL,
    [col46] [varchar](max) NULL,
    [col47] [int] NULL,
    [col48] [date] NULL,
    [col49] [varchar](200) NULL,
    [status] [varchar](3) NULL,
PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED 
(
    [incident_id] ASC
)WITH (PAD_INDEX  = OFF, STATISTICS_NORECOMPUTE  = OFF, IGNORE_DUP_KEY = OFF, ALLOW_ROW_LOCKS  = ON, ALLOW_PAGE_LOCKS  = ON) ON [PRIMARY]
) ON [PRIMARY] TEXTIMAGE_ON [PRIMARY]
GO

SET ANSI_PADDING OFF
GO

ALTER TABLE [dbo].[cms_incident_report] ADD  DEFAULT ('0') FOR [col13]
GO

ALTER TABLE [dbo].[cms_incident_report] ADD  DEFAULT ('0') FOR [col42]
GO

ALTER TABLE [dbo].[cms_incident_report] ADD  DEFAULT ('Open') FOR [status]
GO

Answer:

Check for constraints or triggers that would attempt to insert a value too large for a given column. This can happen when over time schema changes occur, and constraints or triggers escaped the scope of impact review.

In this case (varchar(3)) column status had a default constraint that was attempting to put the four character value 'Open' into the three character column.


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