git,ssh , Configure Git to use a .pem key from a specific location


Configure Git to use a .pem key from a specific location

Question:

Tag: git,ssh

Whenever I try to do a 'git pull origin master' I get (It is NOT Github):

Permission denied (publickey).

I am able to SSH into my AWS EC2 Linux sever, which has the bare repository, which I'm trying to pull from when I get the aforementioned permission error.

I have indeed copied the public key to that server, because I can login successfully via ssh, but only by doing a:

ssh -i /location/of/pemkey/mykey.pem [email protected]

I need to configure Git to use my '.pem' key. How do I accomplish setting up Git to utilize my '.pem' key?


Answer:

From the git(1) man page:

   GIT_SSH
       If this environment variable is set then git fetch and git push
       will use this command instead of ssh when they need to connect to a
       remote system. The $GIT_SSH command will be given exactly two or
       four arguments: the [email protected] (or just host) from the URL and
       the shell command to execute on that remote system, optionally
       preceded by -p (literally) and the port from the URL when it
       specifies something other than the default SSH port.

       To pass options to the program that you want to list in GIT_SSH you
       will need to wrap the program and options into a shell script, then
       set GIT_SSH to refer to the shell script.

       Usually it is easier to configure any desired options through your
       personal .ssh/config file. Please consult your ssh documentation
       for further details.

In my personal experience, the one-time cost of adding host settings in .ssh/config has made a big difference, even for hosts where only the username is different.


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