Lets say I have a superclass called rectangle:

```
classdef Rectangle
properties
width
height
x0 = 0
y0 = 0
angle = 0
end
methods
function obj = Rectangle(x0, y0, width, height, angle)
obj.x0 = x0;
obj.y0 = y0;
obj.width = width;
obj.height = height;
obj.angle = angle;
end
end
end
```

And I have a subclass called Map, in which I want all properties to be read-only once set:

```
classdef Map < Rectangle
properties (SetAccess=private)
filename
end
methods
function obj = Map(filename)
% Get info from map using a function that uses geotiffread
[x0, y0, width, height] = GetInfoFromMap(filename);
obj = [email protected](x0, y0, width, height, 0);
obj.filename = filename;
end
end
end
```

How can I make the inherited properties of Rectangle read-only within Map? I want the properties of any stand-alone (non Map) Rectangle object to remain changeable.

And also, how can I ensure that some of those properties can take only certain values? i.e. for my purposes a rectangle can have any angle, but I'd expect a map to always have an angle of 0. But if I try to create a set.angle method for Map to ensure that angle can only be 0, I get an error telling me that "Cannot specify a set function for property 'angle' in class 'BackgroundMap', because that property is not defined by that class."

Answer:

This seems like a case where you should prefer composition over inheritance.

This idea is mentioned in one of the comments (@Dev-iL), where it's described as "not very OOP". I disagree - although inheritance is the right design in many cases, composition is often preferable. (See here and here for some discussion of that). One of the typical reasons why one might prefer composition is that inheritance exposes the subclass to the details of the superclass, in other words it breaks encapsulation - and that's what's happening in your implementation of `Rectangle`

and `Map`

.

I would suggest that instead of `Map`

inheriting from `Rectangle`

, it should have a `Rectangle`

as a private (maybe hidden) property. So you should think of a map not as being a type of rectangle, but as having an associated rectangle that it *delegates* some of its functionality to.

Once you've done that, you can then give `Map`

some properties `width`

, `height`

etc, and make them `GetAccess=public, SetAccess=private, Dependent`

. Then within `Map`

, add a `get`

method for each, which just gets the property of the underlying `Rectangle`

and passes it through. Note that `Map`

doesn't need an angle property, as it's always zero.

```
classdef Map < handle
properties (SetAccess=private)
filename
end
properties (Hidden, GetAccess = private, SetAccess-private)
rectangleDelegate
end
properties (Dependent, GetAccess = public, SetAccess = private)
width
height
x0
y0
end
methods
function obj = Map(filename)
% Get info from map using a function that uses geotiffread
[x0, y0, width, height] = GetInfoFromMap(filename);
obj.rectangleDelegate = Rectangle(x0, y0, width, height, 0);
obj.filename = filename;
end
end
methods
function val = get.width(obj)
val = obj.rectangleDelegate.width;
end
% other gets
end
end
```

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